No Sistema de Justiça Criminal, cada poder tem funções que interagem, complementam e dão continuidade ao esforço do outro na preservação da ordem pública e da incolumidade das pessoas e do patrimônio. A eficácia do sistema depende da harmonia e comprometimento dos Poderes de Estado em garantir a paz social. O Sistema de Justiça Criminal envolve leis claras e objetivas, prevenção de delitos, contenção, investigação, perícia, denuncia, defesa, processo legal, julgamento, sentença e a execução penal com objetivos e prioridades de reeducação, reintegração social e ressocialização do autor de ilicitudes. A finalidade do Sistema é garantir o direito da população à Justiça e à Segurança Pública, a celeridade dos processos e a supremacia do interesse público em que a justiça, a vida, a saúde, o patrimônio e o bem-estar das pessoas e comunidades são prioridades.

domingo, 9 de fevereiro de 2014

GUERRA DE CLASSES NO BRASIL, Saturday 8 February 2014 11.59 GMT

Brazil's government has set the favelas and middle classes against each other

A year of frustrated protest against an intransigent government has released a wave of pent-up inter-community violence

Nicole Froio

'The attempt to raise bus fares has acted as a reminder that, since last year's protests, things have got worse, not better.' Photograph: Agencia Estado/Rex

In Brazil there is a saying: "A good thief is a dead thief." These words have never been more relevant in today's Brazilian class-ridden landscape, where prejudice, violence and racism run free.

The last week has been full of violent acts in Rio de Janeiro. Once again,police and protesters clashed during a protest in the centre of the city. A few days earlier a teenage boy was beaten, stripped naked and tied to a lamp post by a group of vigilantes for allegedly mugging people in the street. A video of a white man pre-emptively accusing a black, poorly dressed youth of intent to mug him has gone viral. All Brazilians, black and white, rich and poor, are terrified of the aggressive atmosphere. The confrontations are no longer people versus authority; they have become people versus people.

And senior media figures have backed the vigilantes taking justice into their own hands. This week Rachel Scheherazade, the SBT news anchor, said their actions were "understandable", and that if people were pro-human rights they should "do Brazil a favour and adopt a thief". She made these declarations on national primetime TV.

To many, the statistics justify the violent backlash: between 2007 and 2013 more than 33,000 people were murdered in Rio, 1,070 as a consequence of being mugged. Even more frighteningly, 5,412 people died in conflicts with the police.

As the government focuses on the World Cup to please the international community, it neglects the people even more than usual, and things are bound to get worse. Brazil is already the fourth most unequal country in Latin America(according to the United Nations).

The recent crime waves, in particular in the Rio neighbourhood of Flamengo, where the black teenager was attacked, are a direct result of the population's rage that flared up last June. The government's attempt to raise bus fares once again has acted as a reminder that, since last year's protests, things have got worse, not better.

Perhaps people have realised that protesting takes them nowhere, except for gaining short-term change. The government is sending a clear message: we will do whatever we like and your protests can't stop us. This message has become dangerous because people now feel entitled to steal, to use violence and to torture any perpetrators the police fail to arrest.

And there will always be innocent people who suffer. On Thursday, a cameraman was hit in the head by an explosive, allegedly a police bomb, after a protest turned violent. He is in a coma.

The war is high income versus low income. While people from the favelasare driven to crime because of their lack of opportunities, middle class people become increasingly scared of violence and concerned for their security. Rage against the government is turning the population against each other and, despite Rio's glorious sunshine, the atmosphere is of fear and sadness for a city of such potential.

Ultimately, though support for torture and violence is horrifying, the social problems in Brazil are much deeper than vigilantes doing what they think is right. It is not a simple matter of killing a criminal because he is inherently evil; hundreds of years of oppression, racism and government neglect cannot be glossed over with a simple decision not to raise bus fares.
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